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Caring for Classic Game Hardware & Cartridges

 

During the years of collecting Vintage Game System , friends and collectors alike come across the fact the some of these consoles , controllers and cartridges need a good cleaning.

Us ourselves have purchased some games from eBay and Yahoo Auctions that people say don't work and with a little extra treatment besides the basics work A+. 

Also controllers like Joystick and Paddles that give you such a headache for not working or the paddles doing the famous "Flutter" when playing Kaboom ! or Breakout .

Well hopefully think the upcoming text will help you out a bit.  You don't have to be a Rocket Scientist to do a simple fix and care for these games and hardware.  We are not saying that the problems are bigger like the ROM's being bad or something internal with the console.  But if the problem is minor, maybe it will help.

These fix-its can work with most any game cartridge and consoles (i.e. Intellivision, Colecovision ,  etc.) but all controllers are different and we will be covering them in months to come.

Here is a list of items that will help you in the care and maintenance of your classic systems.  They are easily obtained at any Radio Shack or Electronic / Hardware Store.  We included Radio Shack catalog numbers for easy reference.

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Tuner / Control Cleaner / Lubricant  (RS Cat.# 64-4315)

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Nonflammable Dust Remover Spray (RS Cat.# 64-4350)

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Caig DeoxIT Deoxidizing Solution (RS Cat.#  910-3879) *

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6 Pcs. Jeweler's Screwdriver Set (RS Cat# 64-1959)

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#1 & #2 Phillips Screwdrivers

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#1 & #2 Slotted Screwdrivers

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X-acto Knife (Standard Blade)

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Acrylic Nail Buffing Board (wet able, reusable) Can be obtained at a Drug Store or Beauty Supply

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Box of Q-Tips

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Rubbing Alcohol

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Scotch Tape

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Tweezers

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Small flashlight is helpful

*  -  Special order from Radio Shack and an option but a great item for cartridge care

And the MOST IMPORTANT ITEMS

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Anti-Static Wrist Strap (RS Cat.# 276-2397)

Or Even Better !

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Anti-Static Field-Service Kit (RS Cat.# 276-2370)

Static electricity from your body or hands can destroy or seriously degrade the performance of sensitive IC's , ROM's and PC Boards and their circuitry .  More so those used in Computers and Video Games (especially those in these vintage consoles and cartridges).  The products above provide a cost-effective way (The highest priced item is the Kit at $19.99) to eliminate damage due to ESD (Electrostatic Discharge) during disassembly , cleaning and repair.

Now we will begin the basic care of Atari 2600/5200/7800/XE and computer cartridges.  But these hints will work on most any classic video game cartridges.  Now on with the show !!!!

  1. Game Cartridge Maintenance Cleaning & Care

As most of you know by now there are 2 types of cartridge for the Atari 2600/5200 & 7800 , open front and closed front.  Let take care of the easy ones (Open Front) first.

To view larger pictures below, click on the pictures .

First make sure you are grounded (WE STRESS THIS).

  1. Take a flashlight and look at the contacts.  You should see some oxidation on the gold tips of the board.

  2. Take a Q-Tip soaked in rubbing alcohol and lightly rub it on the contacts of the cartridge.

  3. View the Q-Tip.  You should see black colored residue on the cotton.  This is the oxidation and dust coming off.

  4. Take the dry side of the Q-Tip and wipe the contacts again to take off the extra alcohol.  This will also take off any extra dust or oxidants.

  5. Let the game cartridge sit and dry for about 15 minutes.

  6. Now try out the game.  If it works , you are done !  I like to take a Q-Tip with a little DeoxIT on it a wipe gently over the contacts of the cartridge. This solution leaves a thin organic layer that protects against oxidation.

Now suppose you did what was describe and the game cartridge still didn't work.  Well we now go to Round 2

  1. Take the Acrylic Nail Buffing Board and soak the one end in rubbing alcohol.  The board is really extra, extra fine grit (1500 to 2000) and takes deep oxidation out of the contacts.

  2. Rub the soaked board gently on the contacts of the cartridge. CAUTION: Please rub gently and lightly because rubbing too hard can break the contacts and circuit etch in the board of the cartridge and can render the game useless !

  3. Remove the board and you should see black residue on it. That again is the board deep cleaning the contacts.

  4. Wipe the contacts clean with a Q-Tip to take the excess alcohol off and whatever contaminates off.

  5. Again let the cartridge sit for 15 minutes to dry.

  6. If everything is ok, take a little DeoxIT and use it as described above in line VI.

  7. Test the game out, now hopefully it works.  If it doesn't, it can be a dead cartridge.

Some people like to use warm water to clean the contacts.  Water against metals causes oxidation and is a major No-No in cleaning the games.  Rubbing Alcohol is a light solvent and causes no effects against the circuitry . 

One thing is to make sure the game cartridge is level when cleaning so nothing run into the cartridge towards the ROM.  Although it's very safe for the components , no one wants to take chances.

  1. Opening Closed Front Atari Cartridges

Ok, everyone who is new to this looks at that Atari cartridge door and sighs, "How does it open?" .  Well it isn't that difficult.  The 2 prongs on the game post on the consoles release the door on the cartridge and expose the contacts of the PCB of the cartridge to the contacts of the game port .

To open the cartridge's door ,  take a Jeweler's screwdriver and next to the prong on the game cartridge is a small hole.  These are on the left and right of the cartridge door.  Insert the driver in about 3/8" and push the plastic of the door downwards into the cartridge.  This releases the spring and exposes the cartridge's PCB contacts.  I usually hold my index finger to the side between the cartridge and the PCB for keeping it open for cleaning.

I found that if you wedge something between then, it can break the door's mechanism or make in out of line and then it would take opening the cartridge and destroying the top label.

So these are a few hints we use to clean and maintain the cartridges.  If we find out something new and useful from visitors and collectors, we will print it here.   I am going to include photos of us doing these procedures in a few days.

Our next installment "Cleaning & Caring For Atari Paddle Controllers"  will be online here on or by 01/17/2002.

Thank you for reading !

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This Site Was Last Updated on 02/08/03